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GUIDE TO PROCESSING & EXPORT OF SESAME SEED

Sesame Seed is the most sought after vegetable oil in the world as its industrial ingredients can be used for the production of margarine, canned sardine, corned beef, soap making and ink and is well preferred to other vegetable oils because of its lack of odour, chemical composition, colour and taste. 

Sesame Seed is the most sought after vegetable oil in the world as its industrial ingredients can be used for the production of margarine, canned sardine, corned beef, soap making and ink and is well preferred to other vegetable oils because of its lack of odour, chemical composition, colour and taste.   

 Sesame seeds, also called benniseed, are mainly produced in Benue, Kogi, Nassarawa and Taraba States.   Other areas of production include Niger, Jigawa, Kano, Bauch and Kwara States.   The World trade sesame seed is about 550,000 metric tones at gross value of $400 million with a growth rate of 2.6 per cent per annum.   Of this, the country's share of the world market is 4 per cent equivalent to N12.8 billion, and exporting about 1,700 metric tones to the EU and 22,000 metric tones to Japan. " Sources said market opportunity exists for the country's sesame seeds in Korea, India, Middle East and the Mediterranean countries.  

FOREIGN EARNER
The National Sesame Seed Association of Nigeria, stated that the increasing use of Sesame seeds for industrial use, has resulted in its leading the oil and fats market such that Nigeria being the second largest producer of sesame seed in Africa, and ranking seventh in the World, should be deeply involved in exporting the commodity for economic gains. Nigeria earns a whooping N12.8 billion annually from exporting about 1,700 metric tones to the EU and 22,000 metric tones to Japan and UK.  

PRODUCERS

Major African Producers of the commodity include Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Niger, Chad as well as Nigeria, who have been charged with working towards the successful establishment of African Sesame Seed Producers Alliance (ASSPA).  The Commerce Ministry in discussions with officials of the Sudan Oil Seeds Company had asked that a regional sesame seed organization be established.   Other African countries in which it is produced include Egypt, Mali, Burkina Faso, and Tanzania.  

EXPORT VOLUME
The product which ranks second to cocoa in terms of export volume in Nigeria, is fast becoming prominent among non-oil exports and is one of the few cash crops that can earn the country foreign exchange as any quantity of the product offered in the market is easily sold.   Sesame seeds are produced in Benue, Taraba, Kebbi, Kano, Bauchi, Kogi, Plateau, Adamawa, Kwara, Cross-River, Ebonyi, Niger, Gombe, Katsina, Yobe, Borno and Nassarawa states, with Nassarawa state as the leading producer.  

QUALITY & STANDARD

On quality standard, sources disclosed "the Nigerian sesame seed is of exportable quality and is even quoted in the Public Ledger.   The federal procedure Inspection Service (FPIS) defines exportable quality of sesame seeds as containing not more than two per cent weight of stones, laterite, extraneous matters and not more than five per cent by weight of seed other than Sesame seed.  

PURITY OF SESAME SEED
Purity of 98 per cent and 99.5 per cent of Nigerian sesame seed are obtainable and traded in the world market especially the UK and Japan.   Nigerian natural 98 per cent cleaned is quoted in the Public ledger to be $900 per metric tones.  "

PACKAGING

On packaging, source said " jute bag is highly recommended for packaging for export.   It allows for aeration and at the same time safely holding the seeds, which are very small in size.   The weight per bag varies; they are packed in 45kg, 50kg or 60kg , depending on the market dictate.  "

USES

Sesame seed is a source of highly nutritional oil use for cooking. The oil content of the seed ranges from 44 per cent to 54 per cent and the protein content is between 15 to 25 per cent.  It is also use to garnish and decorate confectionaries e.  g.   cake, bread, sweet, burger, hot dogs, etc.   It is also used in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, soap and cosmetics, production of animal feeds, etc.  

While local planting of the crop starts from April to May and the late planting between August and early September, early crops are harvested between July and August and late crops between November and December.   
Sesame Seed is the most sought after vegetable oil in the world as its industrial ingredients can be used for the production of margarine, canned sardine, corned beef, soap making and ink and is well preferred to other vegetable oils because of its lack of odour, chemical composition, colour and taste.   Sesame, also locally known as “Beniseed”, is highly appreciated today in the country and large quantity of it is now being produced not just for consumption but for export purposes.  
The increasing use of Sesame seeds for industrial use, has resulted in its leading the oil and fats market such that Nigeria being the second largest producer of sesame seed
 in Africa, and ranking seventh in the World, with an estimated production of 120,000 metric tones annually

The major African Producers:

The producers of the commodity include Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Niger, Egypt, Mali, Burkina Faso, Tanzania and Chad

Sesame seed a Value-added Product:
 
Through the ages, sesame seeds have been a source of food and oil.   About 65 percent of the annual sesame crop is processed into oil and 35 percent is used in food.   The food segment includes about 42 percent roasted sesame, 36 percent washed sesame, 12 percent ground sesame and 10 percent roasted sesame seed with salt.  

National Sesame Seeds Facility

The facility is to provide direct financial assistance to qualified registered companies under a special credit scheme to undertake the exports of Sesame Seeds from Nigeria.

Eligibility
The exporter must be a registered creditworthy export company that is incorporated in Nigeria and is a certified member of the National Sesame Seeds Association of Nigeria (NSSAN).  

Collateral Requirements
In addition to the commodity being used as collateral through the use of reputable Warehouse/Collateral Managers, the Bank shall also secure the facility through one or a combination of the following:
*Assignments of the underlying export receivables to NEXIM;* First legal charge on export item (stock); *Personal and Several Guarantees of the promoters and sponsors; *NSSAN Guarantee.  

Other requirement: 
In addition to the requirements under the eligibility criteria, a company seeking to benefit from the facility shall forward a formal application to NEXIM accompanied by the following documents.   

Disbursement
NEXIM shall disburse approved funds upon fulfillment of all conditions precedent to draw down.  NEXIM shall support each transaction presented under this window up to 80% of the Naira equivalent of the cost of executing the underlying export order. Approved funds shall be disbursed in installments strictly under a warehouse financing arrangement, upon receipt of Certified Warrants from the appointed Warehouse/Collateral Managers.  

Sesame seeds Production

Benue, Taraba, Kebbi, Kano, Bauchi, Kogi, Plateau, Adamawa, Kwara, Cross-River, Ebonyi, Niger, Gombe, Katsina, Yobe, Borno and Nassarawa states, with Nassarawa state as the leading producer.  
Nigeria's has realized a sum of 300 million dollars from the export of sesame seed.   The country's export market was increasing with the entrance of China and South Korea, in addition to Japan,Turkey, Iran and Europe.  
Some 150 tons have already been exported to China with another consignment of 500 tons ready for shipment, sesame seed export now ranked second after cocoa in terms of value and volume of crop export. About 750 million dollars would be realized from sesame seed
 export within the next three to four years.  

Sesame Seed Types & Uses:
 
There are two types of Sesame Seeds in Nigeria which is the white and black sesame seed, Both qualities are widely accepted in the International market.   

Harvesting

Given the potential of fall rains in many regions, it is probably best to plan on timely harvest of the crop.   Sesame harvest is usually begun about 90 to 150 days after planting.   To obtain high-quality seeds, the crop must be harvested before the first killing frost.  

Storage:
 
Since sesame is a small flat seed, it is difficult to move much air through it in a storage bin.   Therefore, the seeds need to be harvested as dry as possible and stored at 6 percent moisture or less.   If the seed is too moist, it can quickly heat up and become rancid.  



Processing: 
After harvesting, the seeds are cleaned and hulled. The seeds pass through an air separation stage to remove any foreign particles. About 10 percent of this "cleaned natural seed" moves directly into food use as whole seed to be blended into flour for baked goods.   Next, a combination of water and friction work together as the seeds are passed against the chamber of the hulling machine to separate the hull from the seeds.   This dust-free de-hulled seed makes up 30 percent of domestic production and has 99. 97 percent purity for the baked goods market. Once the seeds have been hulled, they are passed through an electronic color-sorting machine that rejects any discolored seeds to ensure perfectly colored sesame seeds.   Immature or off-sized seed is removed but saved for oil production.  

Specification: 

Moisture Content-6-8 % Max, Oil Content-49%, Admixture- 2% Max, Other colurs-2%, Packing-50/80/100 Kg in PP bags . The price at the International market is currently 1,100 dollars per tones, however if you can get an order from Singapore you can sell for 1,800 dollars per tonne a 20feet container will contain 18 tonnes

Nigeria’s earnings from produce export jump to N50.6 billion Naira:
Nigeria realised over N50.6 billion ($341.8 million) from export of agriculture produce in 2008,The federal ministry of commerce and industry in the export statistics made available said that the figure was N2.9 billion higher than the N47.7 billion realised in 2007.  The report, however, said that the total volume of the nation’s produce exports nosedived to 270 million tonnes in 2008 from 279 million tonnes recorded in the previous year.   Some of the produce exported during the period under review include cocoa, cocoa butter, cocoa cake, ginger, sesame seeds, cashew nuts, sheanuts, cotton lint, palm kernel cake, shea butter, rubber, chilies, among others. A further breakdown of the statistics showed that export of some produce like cocoa beans increase from 141,084 tonnes to 159, 189 tonnes , ginger, 2,052 tonnes to 2, 712 tonnes, cotton lint, 14,054 tonnes to 20,695 tonnes and cashew kernels, 693 tonnes to 4,531 tonnes.  

Local Consumption
Industrial processing and utilization of sesame have not been fully developed in Nigeria.   However, the product is locally processed and utilized in various forms in the states where the crop is cultivated.   Principal among the products are: “KANTUN RIDI” and “KUNUN RIDI”.   At the local level oil is also extracted from the seed and the cake is made into “KULIKULI” which together with the leaves are used to prepare local soup known as “MIYAR TAUSHE”.   The oil is used locally for cooking as well as for medicinal purposes such as the treatment of ulcers and burns.   The stem and the oil extract are equally used in making local soap.   In all the states where sesame is cultivated, women are more involved in the local processing of sesame seed into commercial products. A more convenient dehulling technique has been developed through addition of 3% Sodium Chloride (salt) and soaking over night.   Roasting of seed at 100°C also gives optimum oil yield. The National Cereals Research Institute, Badeggi have developed a 10kg hydraulic hand press for household and small-scale sesame oil extraction.

HERE ARE SOME SESAME SEED EXPORT BUSINESS OPTIONS IN NIGERIA

FULL TIME EXPORTER:
These exporters only engage freight forwarders minimally for their port of loading operations.  The option are suitable for those who are available 24 hrs and also existing business providers that will like to be fully involved in their export operations. The return on Investment on this option could range from 30% to 45%. The exporter is involved in export planning, export financing, export contract sourcing, export product sourcing, pre-export documentation, haulage to the warehousing, warehousing and inspection, freight forwarding, haulage to the port of loading and post export documentations.  

PART TIME EXPORTERS

These exporters depend on consulting firms and freight forwarders to carry out some of their export operations. This option is suitable for individuals that would like to start a business while still in a paid employment and also have some time to spare . Is also a viable option for existing businesses that want to divest. The return on investment for this option could range from 25% to 35%. The exporter is involved in export planning, export financing, export product, sourcing, pre-export documentation, haulage to the ware house, haulage to the port of loading, post export documentation.  

ARM CHAIR EXPORTER

These exporter depend on consulting firms, local buying agents and freight forwarders to carry out most of their export operation. This option is suitable for individuals that would like to start a business while still in a paid employment but do not have enough time to spare. The return on Investment for this option could range from 10% to 25%. The exporter is only involved in export planning, export financing, pre- export documentation and post export documentation.  

EXPORT BROKERAGE

An export broker in palm oil trading is a match maker. Becoming an export broker is one of the easiest and the most rewarding ways any prospecting exporter can raise money to go into full time export business. Their advantage are enormous starting from little or no capital, an export broker could earn large “finders fees” with absolutely unlimited income. There is hardly another business requiring a negligible start-up cost that can put you into a six figure bracket so quickly than an online based export business. It gives one the power, prestige and high respectability in his community. 

 

EXPORT BUSINESS CAN STILL ACCOMMODATE MORE NIGERIANS

The non oil export business is still at its very primitive stage in Nigeria with a high potential for growth.  The market is thus inexhaustible [especially for agriculture commodities and other consumables]. Therefore, there is space for anyone that would like to earn foreign exchange via the export business. If you are interested in export business, you can start as a armchair export, or enter the business as a part-time exporter and finally as a full time exporter. If you enter as a full time exporter, then you should grow to become a part time exporter and finally a full time exporter depending on your strategy.  

SESAME SEED EXPORT HAS A VALUE CHAIN

There is a huge demand for agricultural commodities by exporters in Nigeria especially in Lagos.   Therefore, beyond the export business, prospective customers who cannot afford to wait for two to three weeks for funds repatriation after exporting could bridge the gap in the commodity value chain by becoming,  commodity farmers, local buying agents, commodity Merchants or Sales Agents.  

COMMODITY FARMERS

The farmers cultivate the agricultural commodities and sell them to the local buying agents[LBA].   These farmers could be in cooperatives or act as individuals.   The farmers major need apart from finance for expansion , is basically, getting buyers for their commodities during the harvest losses which have been put at 30-50% in Nigeria by the world of food science.    Exporters buying directly from farmers are however, exposed to the risk of procuring unprocessed, ungraded and unsorted commodities.  

THE LOCAL BUYING AGENTS [LBAs]
LBAs go into the interior and villages to buy from different farmers at the farm gate and commodity markets and sell to the commodity merchants. The LBAs have small capacity  with monthly total turnover of less than 2.5 million Naira. They usually do not have equipment to check the quality of the products and they rarely have warehouses.   Therefore, exporters buying from LBAs could get the commodity at a cheaper rate but they are at the same time exposed to a very high risk of procurring low quality commodities.  

THE COMMODITY MERCHANTS

The commodity merchants reside in cities and towns. They buy commodities from various LBAs.   They have large capacity with total monthly turnover of over N20 million naira. They often have large warehouses and also have  equipment to check the quality of commodities purchased from LBAs. They process  these commodities and sell them to exporters and local industries.   Exporters buying commodities from merchants can be assured of good quality products. They often prefer to sell from their own location but if necessary, they can deliver to the exporters warehouse.  

COMMODITY SALES AGENTS
Commodity sales agents are mainly located in places like Lagos, in Nigeria.   They  sign an agreement with exporters to deliver exportable commodity to their warehouses in Lagos.   They purchase the commodities from the merchants or sometimes LBAs and typically depend on the exporters mobilizing them  with an advance payment [all or part of the total cost of delivery to Lagos] in order to operate successfully.  

BENEFITS OF SESAME TRADING

Higher Return On Investment & Zero Taxation.  
Guaranteed Pre-Determined Profit.  
Access To Export Grants.  
Access to Micro Finance Loans.  


CONTENT PACKAGE (SURE SUCCESS PACKS & TECHNICAL GUIDE FOR SESAME SEED BUSINESS)
 1.     Local Business Opportunity on Sesame seed product Sourcing  (source, transport to Lagos and get paid now).  
 2.     Home Business Opportunity on Sesame Contract Sourcing (get export contract & sell for Commission).  
 3.     Explicit list of buyers of sesame seed abroad who buys Nigeria sesame seed (Over 100 reputable companies available with their Names, country, address, phone lines and email address)  
 4.     Profitability profile of Sesame seed.  
 5.     Sample Sesame seed Export Cost analysis/Financial Analysis.  
 6.     Diagrammatic Guide to Sesame seed Specifications
 7.     Guide to Sesame seed Grading, sizing, pricing & Quality.  
 8.     Registering your Business for Sesame seed Export.  
 9.     Sesame seed Export planning, Unit, Procedure & Trade mission.  
 10.    Insurance, financing & documentation.  
 11.     Classification, packaging and laboratory analysis.  
 12.     Sesame seed Transport/Logistic and Ware-Housing.  
 13.     Local Sesame seed Export Sourcing in Metric tonnes with ease anywhere in Nigeria.  
 14.     How to export your product duty free to the US market with comprehensive list of 6400 products under the African Growth and opportunity act.  
 15.     Directory of AGOA product exporters in West African Countries, another great opportunity to start doing business with already established Exporters who are doing business with the Americans.  
 16.     Getting Foreign Contracts for Sesame seed: Where and how to access thousands of genuine International buyers of this commodity with ease.  
 17.     Checklist for exporting Under AGOA.  
 18.     Sesame seed Export Procedure in Diagrammatic view.  
 19.     Listing of all Registered Nigerian shipping companies, Contacts & addresses.  
 20.     How to become a member of the Exporters Association of Nigeria with their application form.
 21.     Sesame seed Export Loan Grant.  
 22.     Reputable Organizations & Associations concerned with Sesame seed
 23.     Market Intelligence: Guide to exporting to the UK and Netherlands.                                          

24.     Market Intelligence: Guide to exporting to Germany & Greece.                                                        

25.      Market Intelligence: Guide ro Exporting to US & Poland.                                                                

26.     Guidelines to Successful Tradeshow Participation of agro-products [WATH].                          

 27.     Sesame Seed Special market report.                                                                                                    

28.     Manuals on cassava export from Nigeria.                                                                                          

29.     Manual on Shea- Butter Export.                                                                                                            

30.     Manual on Palm Oil Processing & Export.                                                                                            

31.      Manual on Charcoal export.                                                                                                                    

32.     Support & Regular Updates.  


       

NOTE: The Sesame seed packs was written and compiled for intending and all those involved in the business options of this commodity and to give a sound footing, technical knowledge, all detailed Information and to serve as a guide for the practical phase on this Business. (Success)   

07033097160  for the Guides/packages/training materials and start-up kits & to get all the packages all in PDF Format sent of you.  Cost: N6500.

To learn more about this business, you can also subscribe for our 7 Days Comprehensive Online Training on the business. If you choose to subscribe for our online training programme, you have to be on either whatapp, facebook or skype in order for us to chat with you directly for the interactive session. The training session duration is 3 hours daily for 7 days.


Have a nice time. I am your resource person. Success in advance.

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